3 ECTS credits
75 h study time

Offer 1 with catalog number 8020281GNR for all students in the 2nd semester at a (G) Postgraduate - preliminary level.

2nd semester
Enrollment based on exam contract
Grading method
Grading (scale from 0 to 20)
Can retake in second session
Taught in
Faculty of Social Sciences & SolvayBusinessSchool
ES Academische eenheid
Educational team
Decaan ES (course titular)
Activities and contact hours
9 contact hours Lecture
15 contact hours Independent or External Form of Study
Course Content

Through a combination of lectures, guided class discussion, and guest lecturers, the course covers:

  • What diplomacy is and isn’t and the uses to which it is put by international actors;
  • How diplomacy relates to other instruments of statecraft (e.g., intelligence, military and economic power, public diplomacy, etc.);
  • The increasingly inter-agency dimensions of diplomacy;
  • Conducting bi-lateral versus multi-lateral diplomacy;
  • Conducting diplomacy with friends versus adversaries;
  • Case studies of different types of negotiations (e.g., arms control; regional conflict resolution; trade negotiations; technical cooperation agreements).
Course material
Course text (Recommended) : The Art of Diplomacy
Additional info

Study material

The syllabus, which prescribes appropriate readings.

Complementary study material

Professor will provide a list of additional recommended and suggested readings as needed.


(!) The teaching and assessment format of this course is subject to change if the minimum number of students isn’t reached.

Learning Outcomes

General competences

Students learn an overview of diplomatic practice at three levels: diplomatic history/national grand strategy; conceptual; and operational/practical practitioners’ experience.  They will learn what it is and what it isn’t; how it’s practiced and used; how it relates to other instruments of statecraft, and differences in the way diplomacy is practiced in different contexts, with different types of diplomatic opposite numbers, and in different types of negotiations.


The final grade is composed based on the following categories:
Other Exam determines 100% of the final mark.

Within the Other Exam category, the following assignments need to be completed:

  • Practical Assignment with a relative weight of 100 which comprises 100% of the final mark.

Additional info regarding evaluation

(!) The teaching and assessment format of this course is subject to change if the minimum number of students isn’t reached.

Allowed unsatisfactory mark
The supplementary Teaching and Examination Regulations of your faculty stipulate whether an allowed unsatisfactory mark for this programme unit is permitted.

Academic context

This offer is part of the following study plans:
Postgraduate Certificate Economic Diplomacy: Standaard traject
Postgraduate Certificate International Trade and Investment: Standaard traject
Postgraduate Certificate Flagship Programme in Economic Diplomacy and International Business: Standaard traject