6 ECTS credits
180 h study time

Offer 1 with catalog number 4023324FNR for all students in the 1st semester at a (F) Master - specialised level.

1st semester
Enrollment based on exam contract
Grading method
Grading (scale from 0 to 20)
Can retake in second session
Taught in
Partnership Agreement
Under interuniversity agreement for degree program
Faculteit Ingenieurswetenschappen
Electronics and Informatics
Educational team
Decaan IR (course titular)
Activities and contact hours
42 contact hours Lecture
18 contact hours Seminar, Exercises or Practicals
Course Content

Position of the course

The goal of this course is to make the students familiar with medical imaging and image processing techniques. An overview will be given of the working mechanisms of the most important medical imaging techniques, their advantages and disadadvantages , their applications and recent technical developments. In addition, an introduction is given to the most commonly used techniques in medical image processing and analysis. 


  • Introduction to images and image processing: sampling, filters convolution theorem 
  • X-rays radiography and principle of computed tomography and analytical reconstruction  
  • SPECT imaging: collimation, detection and image degrading effects 
  • PET imaging: principle, image degrading effects and iterative reconstruction  
  • Ultrasonic imaging  
  • MRI: basic principles of magnetic resonance and image formation 
  • Image enhancement and filtering: histogram-based methods, linear and nonlinear filters for noise reduction, edge enhancement and detection. 
  • Image registration and visualization 
  • Segmentation: thresholding, region growing, level sets, classification, mathematical morphology 


Course material
Digital course material (Required) : Biomedical Imaging, http://studiegids.ugent.be/2015/EN/studiefiches/E010370.pdf
Additional info

Keywords: MRI, CT, SPECT, PET, Ultrasound, image processing 

Requisites: Basic knowledge of physics and signal processing.


Learning Outcomes

General Competences

After completing this course, the student will:  

  • Understand physical principles of different medical imaging techniques  
  • Be capable of defining components of medical imaging systems  
  • Have insight in advantages and disadvantages of existing image reconstruction techniques.  
  • Be able to judge the advantages and disadvantages of different medical imaging techniques.  
  • Be able to explain the basic principles of the most important techniques in image enhancement, image segmentation and image registration. 
  • Understand relationship between different image processing techniques 

This course contributes to the following programme outcomes of the Master of Science in Biomedical Engineering:


1. exact sciences with the specificity of their application to engineering
3. the advanced methods and theories to schematize and model complex problems or processes
4. reformulate complex engineering problems in order to solve them (simplifying assumptions, reducing complexity)
6. correctly report on research or design results in the form of a technical report or in the form of a scientific paper
8. collaborate in a (multidisciplinary) team


12. a creative, problem-solving, result-driven and evidence-based attitude, aiming at innovation and applicability in industry and society


18. To apply acquired knowledge and skills for the design, development, implementation and evaluation of biomedical products, systems and techniques  in the health care sector


The final grade is composed based on the following categories:
Other Exam determines 100% of the final mark.

Within the Other Exam category, the following assignments need to be completed:

  • exam with a relative weight of 1 which comprises 100% of the final mark.

Additional info regarding evaluation



Allowed unsatisfactory mark
The supplementary Teaching and Examination Regulations of your faculty stipulate whether an allowed unsatisfactory mark for this programme unit is permitted.

Academic context

This offer is part of the following study plans:
Master of Photonics Engineering: On campus traject
Master of Photonics Engineering: Online/Digital traject
Master of Biomedical Engineering: Startplan
Master of Biomedical Engineering: Profile Radiation Physics
Master of Biomedical Engineering: Profile Biomechanics and Biomaterials
Master of Biomedical Engineering: Profile Sensors and Medical Devices
Master of Biomedical Engineering: Profile Neuro-Engineering
Master of Biomedical Engineering: Standaard traject (NIEUW)